Academic work demands that you read widely and consider the work of other writers and researchers when you are preparing your essays and other assignments. Using this work without acknowledgement is to steal the ideas of other people and is called plagiarism. It is, therefore, very important that you acknowledge these ideas and opinions as belonging to a particular author, as they are considered to be that author's intellectual property. This procedure is called citing or quoting references. By doing this you are making it possible for readers to locate the source material that you have used.
It is important that you use the appropriate referencing convention for your field of study. There are several conventions used in the University; APA (American Psychological Association), Harvard, MHRA (Modern Humanities Research Association), and OSCOLA (Oxford Standard for the Citation of Legal Authorities). Please follow the appropriate link below for an online tutorial and more general information about a particular style. Please ensure you are clear which to use for each assignment.
Online Tutorials and Referencing Guides
OSCOLA Guides - Law has its own preferred referencing system - The Oxford Standard Citation of Legal Authorities. The current version (2012), produced by Oxford University’s Faculty of Law, is a comprehensive 61 page document.
Quick Referencing Guides
Printable quick reference pdf guides that provide details of how to reference the most commonly used sources such as books and journals are also available. Please refer to the above online tutorials / guides for more in-depth referencing details.
More information on how to recognise and avoid committing plagiarism in your work
- Plagiarism Online Tutorial and Guide
- The Turnitin Plagiarism Project - Turnitin® UK ( Formerly A JISC funded Service) helps academic staff address a number of common, but difficult to identify issues related to citation and collaboration in coursework assessments. It enables tutors to identify the original source of material included within student work by searching a database of several billion pages of reference material gathered from professional publications, student essay websites and other student works.
Endnote referencing software enables you to create one of more personal databases of citation records. From these databases you can automatically create in text citations as you write, in an appropriate referencing style. There is a wide range of referencing styles to choose from. You should check with your course or module tutor before using Endnote and for guidance on which referencing style is appropriate for your course. Please see the Endnote page for further information and guidance.
Students and staff can purchase their own copy of EndNote for use off-campus by accessing http://edustore.adeptscience.co.uk/
Instructions: Select the 'University of Gloucestershire' from the drop-down list of institutions. You should be taken to an University login page where you need to enter your University of Gloucestershire username and password.